Travel Destination Cairns
Day Trips to the Great Barrier Reef, Kuranda Railway and The Skyrail,
Wildlife and Aboriginal Culture, Hot Air Ballooning and White Water Rafting.
Travel Destination Cairns is a major gateway to the Great Barrier Reef. It is the departure point for many day trips to the Atherton Tableland, Kuranda and the Daintree Tropical Rainforest. Flying into Cairns, one is struck by the lush tropical vegetation contrasting with the bright blue of the Coral Sea.
Many veterans of the Vietnam war comment on the similarity of the landscape to their old battleground. There is a wide range of hotels in Cairns, both in the city itself, and along the northern beaches heading to Port Douglas.
Travel Destination Cairns is the 4th most popular destination for International visitors. It is situated on a coastal strip between the Atherton Tableland (part of the Great Dividing Range) and the Coral Sea.
With a population of about 175,000 it is a major regional centre that spreads about 52 kilometres ( 32 miles) along the coast. The major International airport for Far North Queensland is at Cairns.
0The hot air ballooning is amazing on the Atherton Tablelands and this a great way to get out in the Australian bush at sunrise and to be among Kangaroos as they begin their day in the wild.
History of Travel Destination Cairns: Aboriginal history goes back at least 30,000 years. The Cairns area is the traditional home of the Walubarra Yidinji Aboriginal people. Captain James Cook named the inlet Trinity Bay in 1770 as he mapped the region for the first time.
For the next 100 years, the mangrove swamps and sand ridges that made up the original landscape remained undisturbed. The discovery of gold on the Atherton Tableland behind Trinity Inlet in 1876 made Cairns develop as a port and fueled its growth. The railway up the escarpment to the tableland was started in 1886 to get the gold to the port.
This is the same rail line you can ride today on the Kuranda Scenic Railway. Rubble from building the railway and clearing the land filled in the sand ridges and the mangrove swamps and Travel Destination Cairns grew steadily for the next 100 years.
During WW ll it was a centre of military support for both Australian and American forces in the Battle of the Coral Sea. In 1984 the International Airport linked it to Asia and made it the main point of entry for the Great Barrier Reef.
Geography and Weather: Cairns is set on a coastal plain that runs from the Coral Sea to the escarpment of the Atherton Tablelands which rise about 600 m (2,000 ft).on the east. Located 16 deg. south of the Equator, Travel Destination Cairns has a Tropical Monsoon Climate, with hot, humid summers and drier, warm winters. Dry Season (June to October) is winter and the peak tourist season. Tourism and growing Sugar Cane are the main industries.
In summer you can expect an average daily high temperature of around 31 C (88 F) and an average overnight low of 24 C (75 F). In the winter dry season expect average daily high temperatures of 26 C (79 F) and lows of 17 C (63F). Annual average rainfall is high – 2,092 mm (80 in).
Most rain falls in the Wet Season between November and April. The Dry Season runs from about June to October.
Find Tours and Activities in Cairns: > Cairns and The Tropical North Tours and Activities
Map of Travel Destination Cairns: > Cairns Australian Travel Map